UX Design Beginners 2021

6 Things Every UX Design Beginner Must Know For 2021
by Tim Moad
08 Nov 2020
11 min read
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Although UX design has been a part of various businesses since 4000B.C., Don Norman coined the term "user experience" for his group at Apple Computer in 1993 to create human-centered designs of interactive systems. Customer experience is gaining importance over product and price as significant factors of brand differentiation. 

This blog will guide you in getting started with UX Design by explaining:



If you are starting with UX Design, you will want to get as many free resources as possible. Here's one that I have customized for you! This guide has everything that a UX Design Beginner should know!



User experience is about getting to know all the aspects of the customer's experience with your product or service and aiming to improve it. When was the last time that you were on a website and remembered the experience of using it? If you do, it is probably because the website took too long to open or because the interface was not quite a user friendly, or because you had to confirm a lot of times that you aren't a robot! Yes, you will remember it only because you had a bad experience while using it. This was probably due to a negligently drafted UX Design. UX Design enables the end-users to use their product with ease and have fun while doing so. UX Designers can use various methods to measure the user experience, such as interviews, questionnaires, surveys, etc.


To catch you up to speed, here's a video that every UX Design Beginner must watch after getting access to my free guide which will help them become better designers!




To explain better what a UX designer does, we will look at the term 'design thinking'. Design thinking is a process where the designer first observes to understand the customer'ss problems. The designer then analyses the data and synthesizes the information. As a result, ideas are generated to solve the end user's problem after which prototyping is done in various forms like paper prototyping, Hi-fi prototyping, etc. In the end, usability tests are conducted, and results are evaluated to provide a better and more satisfactory experience to the end-user. A UX designer's job is to participate in all the steps of this design thinking process. For example, to empathize with the problems of the end-user, a UX designer has first to get to know their audience and conduct interviews or surveys to find out about the users' experience with the product or service.



Before even becoming a UX designer, you should know what skills you require to become one.

Following are the skills required to become a UX designer:

  1. Empathy: The beginning of a better UX starts with the designers being able to be empathetic towards the customer and thinking about the problems from the customer's point of view and being empathetic means having the ability to feel what someone else is feeling from their frame of reference.
  2. Research & Curiosity: A UX designer is supposed to conduct research starting throughout the process of design thinking, and hence you need to focus on improving your research skills or use more efficient ones over a period. Research, however, is only possible if you are curious enough about something. Hence, curiosity plays quite a role in your job.
  3. Prototyping: The skill of prototyping solutions is essential for you as it will allow you to test it on the end-user and make further modifications as needed. As mentioned above, it can be both; low-fidelity (sketching or paper prototyping) and high-fidelity (using Adobe XD, Origami, or any 3D modeling software).
  4. Wireframing: Wireframe is a blueprint of content and functionality on a page which helps in observing the journey and requirements of a user, and these are established at early phases of development. It is an essential skill. It not only helps in getting approval from the project team but also helps in getting the interest of the stakeholders.
  5. Amazing Visual & Verbal Communication Skills: As a UX designer, you should be able to take and accept negative feedback with empathy which will help in addressing dynamic customer issues in the most competent manner possible. Apart from great verbal communication, UX designers should also possess excellent visual communication abilities as they are responsible for visualizing a lot of information in such a way that it is not dull or strenuous for the users. 



UX designing is all about being empathetic towards the user's problems. Being able to solve them, using research and communication (verbal and visual) skills requires practice. It is typically recommended to practice UX designing by downloading an app or using a website and finding out more about the user's experience by going through them. Once a screen has been selected to work upon, you can look for a problem and start working on improving the visual journey and overall experience of the end-user. Other than this, you will want to have a mentor because UX designing is something that needs teamwork, communication, and feedback. It can also be practiced or learned via places such as Udemy, edX, Khan Academy, The Proto Process, etc. If you are a fan of learning traditionally, then there are some books that will help you to understand concepts. 

A few of them are: 

  1. Designing Interactions by Bill Moggridge
  2. Laws of Simplicity by John Maeda
  3. Mental Models by Indi Young
  4. Six Thinking Hats by Edward de Bono
  5. A Pattern Language for Web Usability by Ian Graham
  6. Designing Brand Identity by Aleena Wheeler
  7. Become A UX Designer by Tim Moad



User experience and user interface are two different terms but are associated with each other. User Experience (UX) focuses on the development and improvement of the relationship between the user and all aspects of a company or its product and services. It is also a cognitive science. It is all about the feeling of the experience that a customer goes through. UI or user interface deals with the visual and interactive elements of a product such as buttons, colors, etc. and is entirely a digital experience. Its goal is to pioneer the user through the product's interface. It is all about how good the product's interface looks and functions. As different as UX and UI are, they work together just the way different elements of a restaurant can work together for excellent customer satisfaction. For example, the cutlery, the furniture is the UI of a restaurant whereas UX is the other services such as lighting, valet parking, the food, the entertainment, etc. Thus, a UX designer and UI designer require to work together. However, when starting out, it is a good idea to determine what kind of designer do you want to be. This is important to narrow down the skills you should focus on in the initial stages of your career. 

Feel free to reach out to me on my Instagram and have your personal UX/UI related question addressed. I will love to give personalized answers and make sure I help you in the right way in your UX journey!



The first and foremost requirement of a good UX design is to understand that by providing a good UX design, you are confirming that the users are satisfied with what you offer, and this will lead to the growth of your enterprise—now getting to the actual requirements. To get a good UX design, you will need to understand the real purpose of your product since it can be relatively easy to deviate from its fundamental duty while designing. Along with that, you will need to understand who your target audience is and in what ways they behave, to get to know the user base. You will start to gain better insight into the upcoming designs.

THOROUGH research of the problem is the key ingredient to getting a neat and commendable design. Without this, it is not possible to determine things as the functionalities of an app, its user flow, the way it should look, etc. After your research, it is best to leave out those features or services in your design about which you are uncertain. This will help you eliminate redundant work before you reach the prototyping stage. If after prototyping, you still feel it is a good idea to revisit your half-baked design ideas, you can always try and develop them in a way that suits your prototype the best. Do note that it is recommended not to add any features and services at the nth moment to keep the design's principle function from a digression. Proper research and due diligence are of utmost importance to get a good UX. In the end, it is all about enhancing the user's experience in a way that they must make the least effort in using your product.

The Proto Process is my initiative to help people have a glorious career in the field of UX. UX Design is a rewarding career opportunity that offers satisfying work. A UX designer can impact businesses and their customers in the most significant way possible. If this is something that interests you and you wish to learn more about it, feel free to get in touch with me! I will be more than happy to help you with your UX journey. Don’t hesitate from adding me to LinkedIn and following The Proto Process! I give daily UX related tips on Instagram and Twitter, making sure you are always learning. 

There’s more! I have recently launched a UX Guide helping new designers get on the fast track of their UX Journey! Make sure to check it out! 

For you to navigate your way through the UX world, The Proto Process provides all the right resources! Join our community to receive invaluable insight from working User Experience Professionals. Get direction on where to put your efforts next, or even work through a problem you’re having with The Proto Process. You can also Book a FREE Consultation Now for a more personalized experience! Furthermore, you can be a part of our digital classrooms. They will enable you to stay relevant in your career and help you grow as a UX Designer. 


The Proto Process: Designing Your UX Career, One Artboard At A Time.

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